Ferns, Mosses etc

Royal Fern
Royal Fern (Osmunda regalis)

This page is for the species of Ferns, Mosses, Clubmosses, Horsetails, Liverworts, and other plants that don’t fit in the grasses, sedges, flowers, etc.

Ferns, mosses, horsetails, etc., are all part of ancient lineages that do not reproduce with flowers and seeds, but with spores. They add interest to wetlands, woodlands, and grasslands. They have no show showy flowers, but their foliage can often be sunning beautiful, even the small mosses, if you get on your hands and knees to look at them. Sphagnum mosses are probably the most important wetland plants in the world. They form the foundation of bogs, and coniferous swamps. The old moss deposits (peat), are mined for agricultural use and energy production in many parts of the world.

Royal Fern (Osmunda regalis)

Marsh Fern (Thelypteris palustris)